The Future of Transportation Finance in Ontario (FTF-Ontario) Partnership

This SSHRC Partnership Development Grant proposes to address the following:


  • Transportation infrastructure is becoming more expensive

  • The roles of different public actors in funding transportation is evolving

  • The gas tax is generating less revenue

  • With the gas tax, transportation program and climate policy objectives are at odds


  1. To identify how transportation finance in Ontario should evolve to navigate long-term potential conflicts between policy objectives to fund the transportation system and to reduce GHG emissions.

  2. To identify how a new federal role in transportation funding might be best integrated with provincial and municipal transportation funding needs.


  • To conduct an international scan of how transportation funding and climate change objectives have been navigated with respect to the gas tax and alternative funding investments.

  • To conduct a policy scan of transportation funding in Ontario with respect to current transportation finance, the gas tax, and municipal implications.

  • To identify how the federal government, province and Ontario municipalities may best navigate the future of transportation finance and how the success of transportation finance may be assess using evidence from focus groups and partnership research.

  • To develop a system of simulation models which will be used to explore existing transportation infrastructure characteristics, population and job growth, travel demand, and revenue alternatives within Ontario Municipalities.

  • To use the systems of simulation models to develop an online scenario-based toolkit and to illustrate the broader implications of social, policy, and transportation infrastructure, and the state of good repair. Scenarios will consider the roles of internal policy, how external factors (food, energy, costs, economic conditions) may evolve and what the economic efficiency, social equity and efficacy implications (notably on revenue adequacy and feasibility are of alternate transportation finance, and carbon emissions futures.

Project Leads

> Matthias Sweet, Toronto Metropolitan University (Profile/Bio)

> Murtaza Haider, Toronto Metropolitan University (Profile/Bio)

> David Amborski, Toronto Metropolitan University (Profile/Bio)

> Harry Kitchen, Trent University (Profile/Bio)

> William Denning, Transport Economics Consulting and Research (Profile/Bio)

Industry and Government Partners

> Good Roads (Website)

> Municipal Finance Officers Association of Ontario (Website)

> City of Toronto (Website)

> Township of Southgate (Website)

> Ministry of Transportation - Ontario (Website)

> Ministry of Infrastructure - Ontario (Website)

> Infrastructure Canada (Website)

Select Reports and Presentations